Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is a broad range of medicine practices sharing common concepts which have been developed in China and are based on a tradition of more than 2,000 years, including various forms of herbal medicine, acupuncture, massage (Tui na), exercise (qigong), and dietary therapy. It is primarily used as a complementary alternative medicine approach. TCM is widely used in China and it is also used in the West.
Acupuncture treatment principle
After acupuncture, pain is first generated, and at the same time, attention is paid to the original discomfort of the body, the pain medium is consumed, and the threshold for pain is raised. Local stimulation causes vasoconstriction secondary to expansion and congestion, through the adjacent veins of the body, the association of the poles, and the stratification. Contact makes the body produce an adaptive (self-healing) response, regulating the function of gas, blood, yin and yang, body fluid, and viscera to normal.
General understanding of the principle of acupuncture treatment
The common saying is to dredge the meridians, soothe the nerves, wake up the gods, promote the blood, sip the sputum, replenish the viscera, and replenish the yin and yang. What is the actual situation?
Dredging meridians: Everyone often said that "nothing is painful, general is not painful". After acupuncture, the pain is stopped. Is it because the meridians are dredged? It sounds very reasonable, but if you think about it, there are still some doubts. After the acupuncture, the pain is first produced. According to the "nothing is painful", the conclusion that the meridian is blocked after acupuncture can be inferred.
Soothe the nerves and wake up: no matter whether you have insomnia or lethargy, no matter which acupuncture point is acupuncture, the acupuncture will instantly wake up due to pain. A coma acupuncture is a good example. It has been found clinically that Fengfu is excellent in treating insomnia and lethargy. The same acupuncture point can be used to calm the nerves and wake up. Therefore, it is now popular to say that acupuncture has a two-way adjustment effect, but the detailed mechanism does not understand.
Blood circulation: The effect of acupuncture on blood vessels is firstly the contraction of blood vessels, and the expansion and congestion of secondary blood vessels. A closer look reveals that after acupuncture is localized, first the white around the needle turns white, then it turns red, and the blush expands to the surroundings. Therefore, it cannot be said in general terms that acupuncture treats diseases through blood circulation.
Sputum sip: After acupuncture, there is less sputum and dry mouth. Therefore, some books write about which acupuncture points can be used to reduce phlegm and thirst. In fact, these works only record the surface effect, but the internal mechanism does not explain. How does acupuncture dissolve phlegm and thirst? After acupuncture, you can't add body fluid or remove sipping from the needle.
Replenishing the viscera: There is no blood, fineness, etc. in the needle, and it is not possible to directly give the viscera, blood, subtle and other substances, so the acupuncture can not directly fix the viscera. At the same time, there is a pinhole after the needle is tied, but the visceral gas, blood, subtle, etc. will not run away with the needle eye, so the acupuncture will not directly bleed the viscera.
Replenishing yin and yang: no yang in the needle, can not make up the yang; no yin in the needle, can not nourish the yin; no evil in the needle, will not damage the yin and yang in the body. Therefore, the statement that acupuncture supplements yin and yang is also worthy of scrutiny.
So how does acupuncture work? First, you need to understand the contact system of the body.
Five links of the human body
The human body is exactly a connection between a coherent and self-contained system. The various parts of the body can be divided into Weimai, Blood, Adjoining Pulse, Polar Link, and Linkage.
Wei pulse: the nervous system.
Blood: the vascular system, which contains the lymphatic system.
Adjacent veins: Tissues that are tightly connected around the nerves and blood vessels.
Extreme contact: the system of contact between the pole and the pole, between the lower pole and the front and rear poles. For example, hemorrhoids, the upper layer with nodules, if scratched, hemorrhoids will be easy, even better. This is the use of the connection between the upper and lower poles to treat the disease.
Layer-to-layer linkage: the connection between layers, such as the skin layer, cortex, subcutaneous layer, muscle layer, bone layer, and organ layer. When the scraping is stimulated by the skin layer, it can also treat the visceral disease, which is the layered connection between the skin layer and the organ layer.
The role of acupuncture
It is much easier to understand the principles of acupuncture treatment with the above knowledge base. Acupuncture has the following four main functions:
Treating with "pain": Acupuncture first produces pain, painful stimulation until the last pain or discomfort disappears, is a process from "pain" to "tolerance" pain or discomfort.
Tune up: When you pay attention to pain, it becomes sensitive, and when you don't pay attention, it is not so sensitive. Everyone may have a similar experience. After acupuncture, the local part of the acupuncture produces pain, which shifts the attention to the original painful part, thus alleviating the original pain, so the acupuncture is used to treat the disease.
Guarding the pulse: After the acupuncture, the pain medium is consumed, the chemical that causes the pain is consumed, the pain is relieved, and the threshold is improved. That is to say, the original acupuncture is very sensitive, and then the acupuncture is not so sensitive. Therefore, the acupuncture is the first pain, and then the pain medium is less, it is not so painful.
Blood transfer: After acupuncture is localized, first the white around the needle turns white, then it turns red, and the redness will expand to the surroundings. This is the effect of acupuncture on the blood vessels first contracting blood vessels, and then secondary expansion of blood vessels, regulating the blood vessels.
Adaptive: Pain after acupuncture, the body in order to adapt to this pain, thereby mobilizing and coordinating the strength of the whole body. This ability to adapt, as well as the ability to mobilize and coordinate, is righteous. If you have enough qi, you will adapt quickly and relieve quickly. If you have insufficient righteousness, the reaction will be slow and the treatment effect will be bad.
To sum up, it is the first pain after acupuncture, and at the same time shift the attention to the original discomfort of the body, consume the pain medium, increase the threshold for pain, local stimulation leads to vasoconstriction secondary to expansion and congestion, through the body adjacent veins, polar tissue Contact, layer connection to make the body produce adaptive (self-healing) response, regulate gas, blood, yin and yang, body fluid, and viscera function to normal. Therefore, the foundation is the self-adaptive ability of the body, that is, we are righteous, righteousness, regulation is rapid, disease recovery is fast; positive qi deficiency, slow response, and poor results.
The above is the principle of acupuncture treatment of diseases, but the therapeutic effect of different acupuncture points is different. The same acupoint can treat pain in many parts, and the same painful part can be treated with different acupoints, which is a non-specific analgesic phenomenon. The same acupuncture point only works well for some pains, but has poor effect on other pains; there is also a certain pain that is most sensitive to a certain acupoint reaction, which is a specific analgesic phenomenon.